Electrical discharges can be severe, destructive and disabling injuries, leading to extensive skin and soft tissues damages, as well as infrequently, but overlooked various osteoarticular lesions, such as long bone fractures, spine fractures, joint dislocations, very deep burns, osteonecrosis and heterotopic ossification of soft tissues. Therefore, all practitioners involved in the management of the electrocuted patients need to be informed and to take account of the possibility of skeletal injuries: plastic surgeon, general surgeon, orthopedic surgeon, emergency physician and general practitioner. Fractures and dislocations usually occur after a traumatic event related to electrical injuries, and they can be rarely caused by violent tetanic muscle contractions, as result of electrical current passage. All electrocuted patients presenting suggestive symptoms and signs such as pain, swelling, bone tenderness, and functional impairment should be examined carefully and in detail, both clinically and by imaging studies. The early recognition, the confirmation by imaging studies and the prompt orthopedic treatment ensure a favorable outcome and remove the harmful possible complications.
The book is a creation to highlight the importance of sports and a deep understanding of various injuries in details involved with it . The book provides measures of preventing injury not only for professional but common man. The author tried to be colloquial in language and approach so as to benefit readers from all sphere of professions. It is a base for straightening the understanding of sports , its injuries and preventive measures from professional and non professional sources. A must read for budding professionals in sports and related sphere.
Livestock Co. was established as milling company of the city of Abidjan. In April 2010, a grain silo at Livestock Co. burst spilling animal feed grain onto the ground. Luckily, there were no injuries or damage to any of the other silos, but if it had been more extensive it could have disrupted the company s milling activities. Companies like Livestock Co. need a business continuity management (BCM) plan to minimize the adverse effects of any disruption to an organization s activities and to ensure a rapid return to normalcy of operations. A BCM plan will help local management to know exactly what is needed to be done to safeguard employees, secure buildings and protect customer information in the event of a catastrophic incident.Tene s research evaluates the process for developing a BCM plan and offers an implementation process to ensure its smooth execution.The book highlights the importance of business leaders embracing the process of business continuity management.
Spectator violence in stadiums is part of a larger set of problems related to misbehaviour in football and it has resulted into deaths and injuries during football events, especially where rival football clubs are playing. This is especially exacerbated where fans seating arrangement is not properly demarcated. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess crowd management strategies applied by the management of government-owned sports stadia in Nairobi County, Kenya. The management strategies the study sought to assess were mainly on security arrangements in terms of the pre-event, event and post-event preparations and arrangements.
Two wheeled motorcycles are cheaper to purchase, convenient (manoeuvre through heavy traffic, easily accessible and ideal for transportation of lighter loads at a fairer price).There has been a steady rise in the purchase and commercial use and with this a proportional rise in fatality and severity of injuries sustained in the unfortunate event they are involved in a Road Traffic Incident. Motorcycle morbidity and mortality are on the rise with hospitals being forced to allocate special wards to cater for the increasing burden. An understanding of patterns of injury in fatal motorcycle RTIs which may provide added information in the approach to management of patients post-crash and shed some light into the major pre-crash contributing factors.
Safety systems based on intervehicle communication aim at reducing fatalities and injuries in road traffic. Vehicles are enabled to exchange information on their status. Active safety for driver and passengers is meant to be improved through reliable, low delay communication of highly accurate information, in all the various road traffic conditions.Currently in Europe, standardization regarding Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) is carried out by European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) For the application protocol layer, ETSI foresees three message types for broadcast: Periodic Cooperative Awareness Messages (CAMs), event-driven Decentralized Environmental Notification Messages (DENMs) and Service Announcement Messages (SAMs). Especially the communication load generated by the periodic CAMs may easily lead to an overload of the communication channel. This is a known issue of scalability in medium access in wireless networks with many nodes (>> 100 nodes) .Common approaches proposed in the literature control single system parameters and aim at limiting the load to a certain threshold in order to avoid overlapping transmissions and thus prevent the well-known hidden station problem. This threshold is commonly set to a relatively low value, which leaves some resources unused.In this Ph.D. thesis, a more fine-grained exploitation of various system parameters is conducted. The author explores the optimization space and outlines important parameter limitations, which is confirmed by real-world experiments. As an outcome, a hybrid approach of single-parameter adaptation and cross-layer coordination is developed. The CAM generation rate is adapted to reduce the channel load while maintaining an acceptable position error. Forwarding of CAMs is employed selectively to repeat periodic messages with high importance. To manage the medium access under high load appropriately, the spatial reuse of the communication channel is adapted by adjusting the CCA threshold, especially for the safety-relevant area. The cross-layer management coordinates the single-layer mechanisms at application layer, facilities layer, and access layer. This coordination depends on the current channel condition as well as the road traffic situation. This so-called VANET Resource Management (VRM) considers requirements from different layers of the communication system as well as their inter-dependencies. To achieve manageable complexity by a lightweight design, VRM follows the model of a Finite State Transducer (FST).Instead of optimizing all parameters at the same time, VRM coordinates the singlelayer mechanisms which control small sets of input/output parameters. Thus, each approach has manageable complexity. Suitable examples for the application of the framework are proposed, evaluated and compared to existing approaches.The evaluation covers basic analyses of the constraints in wireless networks as well as road traffic. Real-world measurements underline the importance of an improved spatial reuse. Extensive simulation studies in large-scale scenarios are performed, covering isolated urban and high-speed highway traffic as well as mixed scenarios. Amongst others, it can be shown that VRM can achieve a more beneficial resource usage such that the awareness in the safety-critical area can be significantly improved.